The Proud Boys are a less-overtly racist subgroup of the alt-right that was founded by Gavin McInnes (co-founder of Vice Media). Their emphasis is on "Western values" rather than being white. Although McInnes told Proud Boys not to go to the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, the organizer of the rally (Jason Kessler) had in fact been a Proud Boy who was interviewed by McInnes before the rally. The Proud Boys in fact do attract the same men who are attracted to White Nationalism, those who think, "Our culture is better than yours. Our women need to stay home and make more babies. Our country has no more space for immigrants. We are being persecuted."
- A street-fighting subgroup of Proud Boys, called "Fraternal Order of the Alt-Knights" (FOAK), includes as part of its initiation process gang-style hazing.
- A new fight-club "fraternity" of young white, pro-Trump men is being formed, its organizers claim, to defend free-speech rights by "Alt-Right" leaders and engage in street fighting by Bill Morlin (April 25, 2017) Southern Poverty Law Center.
- Meet the New Military Division of White Nationalism by Michael Harriot (4/26/17 2:15pm) The Root.
- 626: White Haze. Transcript by Zoe Chace (09.22.2017) This American Life (NPR).